SOLAS Ch V - Regulations
1. Application
2. Definitions
3. Exemptions & Equivalents
4. Navigation Warnings
5. Meteorological Services & Warnings
6. Ice Patrol Services
7. Search & Rescue Services
8. Life-Saving Signals
9. Hydrographic Services
10. Ship's Routeing
11. Ship Reporting Systems
12. Vessel Traffic Services
13. Aids to Navigation
14. Ships' Manning
15. Bridge Design
16. Maintenance of Equipment
17. Electromagnetic Compatibility
18. Navigational Systems & Voyage Data Recorder
19. Shipborne Navigation Systems
20. Voyage Data Recorders
21. International Code of Signals
22. Navigation Bridge Visibility
23. Pilot Transfer Arrangements
24. Use of Heading/Track Control Systems
25. Electrical Power
26. Steering Gear
27. Charts & Nautical Publications
28. Records of Navigational Activities & Daily Reporting
29. Distress Signals
30. Operational Limitations
31. Danger Messages
32. Information Required in Danger Messages:
33. Distress Situations
34. Safe Navigation
34-1 Master's Discretion
35. Misuse of Distress Signals
Regulation Appendix
 
Annexes
A1. Categories of Waters & Classes of Ships
A2. Table of Requirements for Ships
A3. Nautical Charts & Publications
A4. WMO Maritime Services
A5. Routeing Systems
A6. Safe Manning
A7. Equipment Manuals
A8. Performance Standards & Type Approval
A9. Performance Standards for Navigational Equipment
A10. Voyage Data Recorders
A11. Navigation Equipment - New Ships
A12. Navigation Equipment - Existing Ships
A13. Magnetic Compass
A14. Electronic Charts
A15. Radar Reflectors
A16. Radar Equipment
A17. Automatic Identification Systems
A18. Steering Gear, Heading & Track Control Systems
A19. High Speed Craft Code
A20. Inspection & Survey of Navigational Equipment
A21. Pilot Transfer Arrangements
A22. Recording of Navigational Events
A23. Passenger Ship Operational Limitations
A24. Voyage Planning
A25. Guidelines for Voyage Planning
Regulation 1 - Application

Summary

  • Outlines the application of Chapter V - i.e all ships on all voyages unless expressly provided otherwise.

  • States which ships may be exempted from certain Regulations by Administrations.

Regulation 1
1. Unless expressly provided otherwise, this chapter shall apply to all ships on all voyages, except:
1.1 warships, naval auxiliaries and other ships owned or operated by a Contracting Government and used only on government non-commercial service; and
1.2 ships solely navigating the Great Lakes of North America and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as the lower exit of the St.Lambert Lock at Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada.
   
However, warships, naval auxiliaries or other ships owned or operated by a Contracting Government and used only on government non-commercial service are encouraged to act in a manner consistent, so far as reasonable and practicable, with this chapter.
 
2. The Administration may decide to what extent this chapter shall apply to ships operating solely in waters landward of the baselines which are established in accordance with international law.
 
3. A rigidly connected composite unit of a pushing vessel and associated pushed vessel, when designed as a dedicated and integrated tug and barge combination, shall be regarded as a single ship for the purpose of this chapter.
 
4. The Administration shall determine to what extent the provisions of regulations 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 do not apply to the following categories of ships:
 
4.1 ships below 150 gross tonnage engaged on any voyage;
4.2 ships below 500 gross tonnage not engaged on international voyages; and
4.3 fishing vessels
MCA Guidance
1. Regulation 1 replaces the same regulation of SOLAS V(74) but is more detailed. It states that the Regulations contained in SOLAS V apply to all vessels on all voyages unless expressly provided otherwise.
2.

Paragraph 1 provides for specific exceptions including naval auxiliaries and other government owned/operated ships on non-commercial services. The UK interpretation is that only RN ships and naval auxiliaries are exempted. Foreign-flagged vessels on government service may be exempted in UK waters. Also exempted are vessels operating in the Great Lakes of North America.

3. Although naval vessels, auxiliaries and government service vessels are exempt, the Regulation encourages them to comply as closely as possible with the provisions of SOLAS V. It is UK policy, spelt out in a letter of understanding between the MOD and MCA, that UK naval auxiliary ships comply as closely as possible with the requirements of SOLAS. All other UK-flagged ships on Government service are required to comply fully with SOLAS.
4. Classifications of UK ships referred to in the SI are defined in ANNEX 1 - Categories of waters and classes of ships.
5. Paragraph 2 gives Administrations discretionary powers to apply provisions in the chapter to ships operating solely within internal waters. The baselines referred to are those established by coastal States under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. (UNCLOS). In the UK Chapter V generally applies in these waters unless the waters are Categorised or are considered to be inland waters.
6. UK Internal Waters include waters categorised by the Merchant Shipping (Categorisation of Waters) Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2356) which are listed in MSN 1776 - Categorisation of Waters. Such waters are not regarded as "sea" for the purposes of Merchant Shipping legislation (except for Marine Pollution regulations). New domestic passenger vessels are regulated by the Merchant Shipping (Passenger Ships on Domestic Voyages) Regulations 2000 (SI 2000/2687) which implement the EC Directive on Safety Rules and Standards for Domestic Passenger Ships, with existing passenger ships being phased in between 2006 and 2010. The sea areas to which this legislation applies are defined in MSN 1747 - Merchant Shipping (Passenger Ships on Domestic Voyages) Regulations 2000. The requirements for navigational safety for inland waterway vessels (i.e vessels operating on waterways not connected with the sea,) will be met by implementation of EC Directive 82/714/EC (as amended) which lays down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels.
7. Paragraph 3 establishes that integrated pushing vessels and their pushed vessel are considered to be a single vessel.
8. Paragraph 4 empowers Administrations to determine the extent to which certain Regulations (which relate to specific navigational equipment, layout, pilot access etc.) apply to fishing vessels and to classes of smaller vessel (i.e those less than 150 GT on international voyages and those under 500 GT not engaged on international voyages.) By inference, these classes of vessel must comply with those regulations NOT listed in paragraph 4. Of these, Regulations 29 (Life saving Signals), 31 (Danger Messages), 32 (Information required in danger messages), 33 (Distress messages) 34 (Safe navigation and avoidance of dangerous situations) and 35 (Misuse of distress signals) apply to all vessels. Compliance with Regulations 10 (Ship’s routeing), 11 (Ship reporting) and 12 (Vessel Traffic Services) may be required depending on the size and category of vessel..
9. With respect to UK vessels falling within the categories in paragraph 4, the Guidance Notes following each of the Regulations 15 to 28 explain how that Regulation is to be applied to these categories of ship. The requirements are summarised in ANNEX 2 - Table of requirements for ships.
10.

Certain types of ship have requirements given in the Codes of Practice, listed below. However, if a vessel does not comply fully with the requirements of a relevant MCA Code of Practice, then it must comply fully with the relevant Regulations of SOLAS V as specified in the Merchant Shipping (Safety of Navigation) Regulations, 2002.

11.

The following Codes of Practice specify the requirements for navigational equipment and safety and should be referred to:

11.1

Fishing Vessels (Code of Practice for the Safety of Small Fishing Vessels). Regulations SI 2001, No 9. The Stationery Office 2001. ISBN

See also: MSN 1756 – The Fishing Vessels Code of Practice for the Safety of Small Fishing Vessels.

11.2

The Fishing Vessels (Safety of 15-24 Metre Vessels) Regulations SI 2002, No 2201. The Stationery Office 2002.

See also: MSN 1770 – The Code of Safe Working Practice for the Construction and use of 15 Metre Length Overall to less than 24 Metre registered length Fishing Vessels.

11.3 Fishing Vessels of 24m or more in length must comply with the Fishing Vessels (Safety Provisions) Rules, 1975 - SI 1975/330 as amended by the Fishing Vessels (EC Directive on Harmonised Safety Regime) Regulations 1999 (SI 1999/2998), as amended in 2003 (SI 2003/1112), which implemented the 1998 Torremolinos Protocol.
12.

Requirements for navigational equipment and safety for commercial sailing and motor vessels over 24m length are given in:

Code of practice for safety of large commercial sailing and motor vessels.

The Stationery Office, 1997. ISBN 0 11 551911 4.

Under the provisions of IMO Circular Letter No. 1996 of 25 July 1997 these requirements are equivalent to SOLAS for this class of vessel.

 

13.

Other Codes of Practice which include requirements for navigational equipment and safety are:

Code of practice for the construction, machinery, equipment, stability, operation and examination of sailing vessel, of up to 24 metres load line length, in commercial use and which do not carry cargo or more than 12 passengers.

The Stationery Office, 1993. ISBN 0 11 551184 9.

Code of practice for the construction, machinery, equipment, stability, operation and examination of motor vessels, of up to 24 metres load line length, in commercial use and which do not carry cargo or more than 12 passengers.

The Stationery Office, 1993. ISBN 0 11 551185 7.

Code of practice for the safety of small workboats & pilot boats.

The Stationery Office, 1998. ISBN 0 11 552006 6.

Code of practice for vessel engaged in oil recovery operations.

The Stationery Office, 1996. ISBN 0 11 551811 8.

Code of Practice for the Safety of Small Vessels in Commercial Use for Sport or Pleasure Operating from a Nominated Departure point (NDP).

The Stationery Office 1999. ISBN 0 11 551812 6.

Code of practice for the safety of vessels carrying no more than 12 passengers in categorised waters.

The Stationery Office 2002. The MCA is currently considering consolidating these Codes into a single Code.

 

14.

Passenger ships on domestic voyages, that is ships of Classes III to IVa and Classes A,B,C and D are required to comply with this document.

 

See also - ANNEX 1 - Categories of waters and classes of ships and

ANNEX 2 - Table of requirements for ships

 

 


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