Governments undertake, each for its national ships, to maintain, or,
if it is necessary, to adopt, measures for the purpose of ensuring
that, from the point of view of safety of life at sea, all ships shall
be sufficiently and efficiently manned. *
ship to which chapter I applies shall be provided with an appropriate
minimum safe manning document or equivalent issued by the Administration
as evidence of the minimum safe manning considered necessary to comply
with the provisions of paragraph 1.
all ships, to ensure effective crew performance in safety matters,
a working language shall be established and recorded in the ship's
log-book. The company, as defined in regulation IX/1, or the master,
as appropriate, shall determine the appropriate working language.
Each seafarer shall be required to understand and, where appropriate,
give orders and instructions and to report back in that language.
If the working language is not an official language of the State whose
flag the ship is entitled to fly, all plans and lists required to
be posted shall include a translation into the working language.
ships to which chapter I applies, English shall be used on the bridge
as the working language for bridge-to-bridge and bridge-to-shore safety
communications as well as for communications on board between the
pilot and bridge watchkeeping personnel**, unless those directly involved
in the communication speak a common language other than English.
Refer to the Principles of Safe Manning adopted by the Organization
by Resolution A.890(21).
** The IMO Standard Marine Communications Phrases (SMCPs) (MSC/Circ.794),
as amended, may be used in this respect.
to ANNEX 6- Resolution A.890(21), Principles of Safe Manning
Replaces and revises SOLAS V/74 Regulation 13.
1 addresses Contracting Governments requiring them to ensure that
ships are efficiently and safely manned.
2 requires all SOLAS I ships (i.e foreign going ships,) to have on
board a safe manning document.
3 requires the establishment of a common working language on board.
The term "Company" means the owner of the ship or any other
organization or person such as the manager, or the bareboat charterer,
who has assumed the responsibility for operation of the ship and who
on assuming such responsibility has agreed to take over all the duties
and responsibilities imposed by the International Safety Management
4 requires English to be used as the common language on the bridge
of all SOLAS I ships unless a common working language has been established
on board and between ship and shore. The working language on the bridge
of UK-flagged ships will normally be English. Under Section 51 of
the Merchant Shipping Act 1995, UK ships may be detained if crew members
cannot understand orders given in English and there are no arrangements
for giving orders in a language which they understand.
mandatory UK requirements for ships' safe manning are contained in
the Merchant Shipping (Safe Manning, Hours of Work and Watchkeeping)
Regulations 1997 (SI 1997/1320). The Regulations implement the requirements
of the 1978 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification
and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW 78), as amended in 1995 (STCW
95). For further information refer to MSN 1682, Safe Manning, Hours
of Work and Watchkeeping. Application of STCW 95 (as amended).
MCA will consider a ship to be safely manned if the crew includes
sufficient officers and ratings with appropriate skills and experience
to ensure that the principles set out in IMO Resolution A.890(21)
are complied with and that the capabilities spelt out in that Resolution
are available. The Resolution should be consulted when determining
safe manning levels.
to ANNEX 6- Resolution A.890(21), Principles
of Safe Manning
See also MGN 48 - IMO Standard Marine Communication