ANNEX 19 - High Speed Craft Code - Chapter 13

A- 2000 CODE – NEW CRAFT FROM 1 JULY 2002

B- AMENDED 1994 CODE- EXISTING CRAFT FROM 1 JANUARY 2003

A. 2000 Code - Applies To New Craft From 1 July 2002

13.) SHIPBORNE NAVIGATIONAL SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT AND VOYAGE DATA RECORDER*

13.1) General

13.1.1) This chapter covers equipment which relates to the navigation of the craft as distinct from the safe functioning of the craft. The following paragraphs represent the minimum requirements for normal safe navigation unless it is demonstrated to the Administration that an equivalent level of safety is achieved by other means.

13.1.2) The equipment and its installation should be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

13.1.3) The Administration should determine to what extent the provisions of this chapter do not apply to craft below 150 gross tonnage.

13.2) Compasses

13.2.1) Craft shall be provided with a magnetic compass which is capable of operating without electrical supply, and which may be used for steering purposes. This compass shall be mounted in a suitable binnacle containing the required correcting devices and shall be suitable for the speed and motion characteristics of the craft.

13.2.2) The compass card or repeater shall be capable of being easily read from the position at which the craft is normally controlled.

13.2.3) Each magnetic compass shall be properly adjusted and its table or curve of residual deviations shall be available at all times.

13.2.4) Care shall be taken in siting a magnetic compass or magnetic sensing element so that magnetic interference is eliminated or minimized as far as is practicable.

13.2.5) Passenger craft certified to carry 100 passengers or less shall, in addition to the compass required by 13.2.1, be provided with a properly adjusted transmitting heading device, suitable for the speed and motion characteristics and area of operation of the craft, capable of transmitting a true heading reference to other equipment.

13.2.6) Passenger craft certified to carry more than 100 passengers and cargo craft shall, in addition to the compass required in 13.2.1, be provided with a gyro-compass which shall be suitable for the speed and motion characteristics and area of operation of the craft.

 

13.3) Speed and distance measurement

13.3.1) Craft shall be provided with a device capable of indicating speed and distance.

13.3.2) Speed- and distance-measuring devices on craft fitted with an automatic radar plotting aid (ARPA) or automatic tracking aid (ATA) shall be capable of measuring speed and distance through the water.

13.4) Echo-sounding device

13.4.1) Non-amphibious craft shall be provided with an echo-sounding device which will give an indication of depth of water to a sufficient degree of accuracy for use when the craft is in the displacement mode.

13.5) Radar installations

13.5.1) Craft shall be provided with at least one azimuth-stabilized radar operating on 9 GHz.

13.5.2) Craft of 500 gross tonnage and upwards or craft certified to carry more than 450 passengers shall also be provided with a 3 GHz radar or, where considered appropriate by the Administration, a second 9 GHz radar, or other means, to determine and display the range and bearing of other surface craft, obstructions, buoys, shorelines and navigational marks to assist in navigation and in collision avoidance, which are functionally independent of those referred to in 13.5.1.

13.5.3) At least one radar shall be provided with facilities for an ARPA or ATA suitable for the motion and speed of the craft.

13.5.4) Adequate communication facilities shall be provided between the radar observer and the person in immediate charge of the craft.

13.5.5) Each radar installation provided shall be suitable for the intended craft speed, motion characteristics and commonly encountered environmental conditions.

13.5.6) Each radar installation shall be mounted so as to be as free as practicable from vibration.

13.6) Electronic positioning systems

Craft shall be provided with a receiver for a global navigation satellite system or a terrestrial radio navigation system, or other means, suitable for use at all times throughout the intended voyage to establish and update the craft’s position by automatic means.

13.7) Rate-of-turn indicator and rudder angle indicator

13.7.1) Craft of 500 gross tonnage or upwards shall be provided with a rate-of-turn indicator. A rate-of-turn indicator shall be provided in craft of less than 500 gross tonnage if the test according to annex 9 shows that the turn rate can exceed safety level 1.

13.7.2) Craft shall be provided with an indicator showing the rudder angle. In craft without a rudder, the indicator shall show the direction of steering thrust.

13.8) Searchlight and daylight signalling lamp

13.8.1) Craft shall be provided with at least one adequate searchlight, which shall be controllable from the operating station.

13.8.2) One portable daylight signalling lamp shall be provided and maintained ready for use in the operating compartment at all times.

13.9) Night vision equipment

13.9.1) When operational conditions justify the provision of night vision equipment, such equipment shall be provided.

13.10) Steering arrangement and propulsion indicator(s)

13.10.1) The steering arrangement shall be so designed that the craft turns in the same direction as that of the wheel, tiller, joystick or control lever.

13.10.2) Craft shall be provided with means to show the mode of the propulsion system(s).

13.10.3) Craft with emergency steering positions shall be provided with arrangements for supplying visual compass readings to the emergency steering position.

13.11) Automatic steering aid (automatic pilot)

13.11.1) Craft shall be provided with an automatic steering aid (automatic pilot).

13.11.2) Provision shall be made to change from the automatic to manual mode by a manual override.

13.12) Voyage data recorders (VDR)**

13.12.1) To assist in casualty investigation, passenger craft should be fitted with a voyage data recorder (VDR) as follows:

13.12.1.1) 1 ro-ro passenger craft, not later than the first survey after 1 January 2003; and

13.12.1.2) passenger craft other than ro-ro passenger craft, not later than 1 January 2004.

13.12.2) The Administration may exempt passenger craft, other than ro-ro passenger craft, from being fitted with a VDR where it can be demonstrated that interfacing a VDR with the existing equipment on the craft is unreasonable and impracticable.

13.12.3) The voyage data recorder (VDR) system, including all sensors, should be subjected to an annual performance test. The test should be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections should be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosure and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of a certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards should be retained on board the craft.

13.13) Nautical charts and nautical publications***

13.13.1) Craft should be provided with nautical charts and nautical publications to plan and display the craft’s route for the intended voyage and to plot and monitor positions throughout the voyage. An electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) may be accepted as meeting the chart carriage requirements of this paragraph.

13.13.2) Back-up arrangements should be provided to meet the functional requirements of 13.13.1, if this function is partly or fully fulfilled by electronic means.


13.14) Automatic identification system (AIS)

    13.14.1) Craft should be provided with automatic identification system (AIS) as follows:

    13.14.1.1) in the case of passenger craft, not later than 1 July 2003;

    13.14.1.2) in the case of cargo craft of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards, not later than 1 July 2006; and

    13.14.1.3) in the case of cargo craft of less than 3,000 gross tonnage, not later than 1 July 2007.

    13.14.2) AIS should:****

    13.14.2.1) provide automatically to appropriately equipped shore stations, other vessels and aircraft information, including the craft’s identity, type, position, course, speed, navigational status and other safety-related information;

    13.14.2.2) receive automatically such information from similarly fitted vessels and craft;

    13.14.2.3) monitor and track vessels; and

    13.14.2.4) exchange data with shore based facilities.

    13.14.3) The requirements of 13.14.2 should not be applied to cases where international agreements, rules or standards provide for the protection of navigational information.

    13.14.4) AIS should be operated taking into account the guidelines developed by the Organization.

13.15) Radar reflector

If practicable, craft of 150 gross tonnage or below shall be provided with a radar reflector, or other means, to assist detection by ships navigating by radar at both 9 and 3 GHz.

13.16) Sound reception system

When the craft’s bridge is totally enclosed and unless the Administration determines otherwise, craft shall be provided with a sound reception system, or other means, to enable the officer in charge of the navigational watch to hear sound signals and determine their direction.

13.17) Approval of systems and equipment, and performance standards*****

13.17.1) All equipment to which this chapter applies shall be of a type approved by the Administration. Such equipment shall conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization

13.17.2) The Administration shall require that manufacturers have a quality control system audited by a competent authority to ensure continuous compliance with the type approval conditions. Alternatively, the Administration may use final product verification procedures where compliance with the type approval certificate is verified by a competent authority before the product is installed on board craft.

13.17.3) Before giving approval to navigational systems or equipment embodying new features not covered by this chapter, the Administration shall ensure that such features support functions at least as effective as those required by this chapter.

13.17.4) When equipment, for which performance standards have been developed by the Organization, is carried on craft in addition to those items of equipment required by this chapter, such additional equipment shall be subject to approval and shall, as far as practicable, comply with performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.

RETURN TO REGULATION 19

* According to regulation X/3.1.1 of the Convention, the provisions of chapter V of the Convention also apply to high-speed craft, with the exception of regulations V/18, V/19 and V/20.

** Refer to resolution A.861(20) on Recommendation on Performance Standards for voyage data recorders (VDRs), adopted by the Organization by resolution A.861(20).

*** An appropriate folio of paper nautical charts may be used as a back-up arrangement for ECDIS. Other back-up arrangements for ECDIS are acceptable (see appendix 6 to resolution A.817(19), as amended).

**** Refer to the Guidelines on the operation of AIS on ships (to be developed before this requirement enters into force).

***** Recommendation on Performance standards for:

Magnetic compasses (resolution A.382(X));
Marine transmitting magnetic heading devices (TMHDs) (resolution MSC.86(70), annex 2);
Gyro-compasses for high-speed craft (resolution A.821(19));
Devices to indicate speed and distance (resolution A.824(19), as amended by resolution MSC.96(72));
Echo-sounding equipment (resolution A.224(VII) as amended by MSC.74(69), annex 2);
Navigational radar equipment for high-speed craft (resolution A.820(19));
"Auto Tracking" (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 4, appendix 1);
Shipborne Decca navigator receivers (resolution A.816(19));
Shipborne Loran-C and Chayka receivers (resolution A.818(19));
Shipborne global positioning system receiver equipment(resolution A.819(19));
Shipborne GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution MSC.53(66));
Shipborne DGPS and DGLONASS maritime radio beacon receiver equipment (resolution MSC.64(67), annex 2);
Combined GPS/GLONASS receiver equipment (resolution MSC.74(69), annex 1);
Rate-of-turn indicators (resolution A.526(13));
Night vision equipment for high-speed craft (resolution MSC.94(72));
Daylight signalling lamps (resolution MSC.95(72)); and
Automatic steering aids (automatic pilots) for high-speed craft (resolution A.822(19)).

 

Amended 1994 HSC Code Chapter 13 –
Applies To Existing Craft From 1 January 2003

(INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR THE SAFETY OF HIGH SPEED CRAFT (HSC CODE) Resolution MSC.36(63) 1994 as amended by Resolution MSC.119(74) 2001)

SHIPBORNE NAVIGATIONAL SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT AND VOYAGE DATA RECORDER

13.1) Navigation (general)

13.1.1) This chapter covers equipment which relates to the navigation of the craft as distinct from the safe functioning of the craft. The following paragraphs represent the minimum requirements for normal safe navigation unless it is demonstrated to the Administration that an equivalent level of safety is achieved by other means.

13.1.2) The equipment and its installation should be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

13.1.3) The Administration should determine to what extent the provisions of this chapter do not apply to craft below 150 gross tonnage.

13.2) Compasses

13.2.1) Craft should be provided with a magnetic compass which is capable of operating without electrical supply, and which may be used for steering purposes. This compass should be mounted in a suitable binnacle containing the required correcting devices and should be suitable for the speed and motion characteristics of the craft.

13.2.2) The compass card or repeater should be capable of being easily read from the position at which the craft is normally controlled.

13.2.3) Each magnetic compass should be properly adjusted and its table or curve of residual deviations should be available at all times.

13.2.4) Care should be taken in siting a magnetic compass or magnetic sensing element so that magnetic interference is eliminated or minimized as far as is practicable.

13.2.5) Passenger craft certified to carry 100 passengers or less should, in addition to the compass required by 13.2.1, be provided with an instrument, suitable for the speed and motion characteristics and area of operation of the craft, providing a heading reference of accuracy superior to that provided by a magnetic compass.

13.2.6) Cargo craft and passenger craft certified to carry more than 100 passengers should, in addition to the compass required in 13.2.1, be provided with a gyro-compass which should be suitable for the speed and motion characteristics and area of operation of the craft.

13.3) Speed and distance measurement

13.3.1) Craft should be provided with a device to measure speed and distance, except when no device is available which will function reliably at all speeds at which the craft may operate.

13.3.2) Speed and distance-measuring devices on craft fitted with an automatic radar plotting aid should be capable of measuring speed and distance through the water.

13.4) Echo-sounding device

13.4.1) Non-amphibious craft should be fitted with an echo-sounding device which will give an indication of depth of water to a sufficient degree of accuracy for use when the craft is in the displacement mode.

13.5) Radar installations

13.5.1) Craft should be provided with at least one azimuth-stablized radar operating in the X band (3 cm).

13.5.2) Craft of 500 tons gross tonnage and upwards or craft certified to carry more than 450 passengers should be provided with a t least two radar installations. A second radar may also be provided in craft of less than 500 tons gross tonnage or certified to carry 450 passengers or less where environmental conditions so require.

13.5.3) At least one radar should be equipped with facilities for plotting which are at least as effective as a reflector plotter.

13.5.4) Adequate communication facilities should be provided between the radar observer and the person in immediate charge of the craft.

13.5.5) Each radar installation provided should be suitable for the intended craft speed, motion characteristics and commonly encountered environmental conditions.

13.5.6) Each radar installation should be mounted so as to be as free as practicable from vibration.

13.6) Electronic positioning systems

13.6.1) Where the area of operation of a high-speed craft is covered by a reliable electronic position-fixing system, the craft should be provided with the means to fix its position using such system.

13.7) Rate-of-turn indicator and rudder angle indicator.

13.7.1) A rate-of-turn indicator should be provided unless the Administration determines otherwise. Means should be provided to warn the operator if an operationally dictated maximum rate of turn is reached.

13.7.2) Craft should be provided with an indicator showing the rudder angle. In craft without a rudder, the indicator should show the direction of steering thrust.

13.8) Other navigational aids.

13.8.1) The information provided by navigational systems should be so displayed that the probability of misreading is reduced to a minimum and should be capable of giving readings to an optimum accuracy.

13.9) Searchlight.

13.9.1) Craft should be equipped with at least one adequate searchlight, which should be controllable from the operating station.

13.9.2) One portable signalling lamp capable of operating independently of the craft’s main electrical supply should be provided and maintained ready for use in the operating compartment at all times.

13.10) Night vision equipment.

13.10.1) When operational conditions justify the provision of night vision enhancement equipment, such equipment should be fitted.

13.11) Steering arrangement and propulsion indicators.

13.11.1) The steering arrangement should be so designed that the craft turns in the same direction as that of the wheel, tiller, joystick or control lever.

13.11.2) Craft should be provided with indicators showing the mode of the propulsion system(s).

13.11.3) Craft with emergency steering positions should be provided with arrangements for supplying visual compass readings to the emergency steering position.

13.12) Automatic steering aid (automatic pilot equipment)

13.12.1) Craft should, where possible, be equipped with automatic pilot equipment.

13.12.2) The alarm signalling facilities prescribed in paragraphs 3.1 and 3.2 of the Recommendation on performance standards for automatic pilots, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.342(IX), may be omitted.

13.12.3) Provision should be made to change from the automatic to manual mode by a manual override.

13.13) Voyage data recorders (VDR)**

13.13.1) To assist in casualty investigation, passenger craft should be fitted with a voyage data recorder (VDR) as follows:

    13.13.1.1) ro-ro passenger craft, not later than the first survey after 1 January 2003; and

    13.13.1.2) passenger craft other than ro-ro passenger craft, not later than 1 January 2004.

13.13.2) The Administration may exempt passenger craft, other than ro-ro passenger craft, from being fitted with a VDR where it can be demonstrated that interfacing a VDR with the existing equipment on the craft is unreasonable and impracticable.

13.13.3) The voyage data recorder (VDR) system, including all sensors, should be subjected to an annual performance test. The test should be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections should be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosure and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of a certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards should be retained on board the craft.

* Refer to resolution A.861(20) on Recommendation on Performance Standards for voyage data recorders (VDRs), adopted by the Organization by resolution A.861(20)

13.14) Nautical charts and nautical publications

13.14.1) Craft should be provided with nautical charts and nautical publications to plan and display the craft’s route for the intended voyage and to plot and monitor positions throughout the voyage. An electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) may be accepted as meeting the chart carriage requirements of this paragraph.

13.14.2) Back-up arrangements should be provided to meet the functional requirements of 13.14.1, if this function is partly or fully fulfilled by electronic means.**

13.15) Automatic identification system (AIS)

13.15.1) Craft should be provided with automatic identification system (AIS) as follows:

    13.15.1.1) in the case of passenger craft, not later than 1 July 2003;

    13.15.1.2) in the case of cargo craft of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards, not later than 1 July 2006; and

    13.15.1.3) in the case of cargo craft of less than 3,000 gross tonnage, not later than 1 July 2007.

13.15.2) AIS should:

13.15.2.1) provide automatically to appropriately equipped shore stations, other vessels and aircraft information, including the craft’s identity, type, position, course, speed, navigational status and other safety-related information;

13.15.2.2) receive automatically such information from similarly fitted vessels and craft;

13.15.2.3) monitor and track vessels; and

13.15.2.4) exchange data with shore based facilities.

13.15.3) The requirements of 13.15.2 should not be applied to cases where international agreements, rules or standards provide for the protection of navigational information.

13.15.4) AIS should be operated taking into account the guidelines developed by the Organization.**

13.16) Performance Standards

13.16.1) All equipment to which this chapter applies should be a type approved by the Administration. Subject to 13.16.2, such equipment should conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.

13.16.2) Equipment installed before the adoption of performance standards by the Organization may be exempted from full compliance with the performance standards having due regards to the criteria which the Organization may adopt in connection with such standards.

RETURN TO REGULATION 19



  about us | news | survey & inspection | search & rescue | pollution prevention & counter pollution | campaigns & publications | search | home page
© Crown Copyright. Site disclaimer applies.